Talk White.

In the Americas, the forced removal of our African and native languages has contributed to erasing our history. The hood kids had it right. Their angst is part of an internal struggle against assimilation. Sunu Gaal translates as "our boat" in a language native to western Africa. Nearly half of the Africans forcibly brought to the united states came from these regions.

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public art and performance

Reconfiguration is Rebellion

I am an artist. My movements are a series of expressions that detail my history and my present. Both the visual object and performance are part of those expressions. Acts of Service are key to that expression and my connection and contribution to Suma Mbok. We are orchestrating a series of movements, objects and conversations to reestablish our identities. Our art is a response to alienation.

New Orleans Louisiana

We did not choose, nor have we accepted the stain of enslavement. The American telling of chattel slavery casually excludes our rebellion. Dread Scott took this narrative head on and lead hundreds into history with the reenactment of the largest slave rebellion in the history of the United States. In 1811, an unlikely band of maroons and slaves rose to burn and pillage the German Coast in southern Louisiana. The actual rebellion took place in the river parishes outside of New Orleans. We marched nearly twenty-seven miles in our performance of the rebellion. One of my assignments in the production was to strike down Manuel Andry (or the actor playing that part) of the Andry plantation. Symbolically, the first blow. Part performance and part film production, the project involved over two hundred reenactors in period specific clothing. Filmmaker John Akomfrah documented the reenactment.






How a Nearly Successful Slave Revolt Was Intentionally Lost to History

by Marissa Fessenden

Official accounts at the time spun the fiction that the revolt was nearly a band of “‘brigands’ out to pillage and plunder,” writes Wendell Hassan Marsh for The Root. But this was the story of the victors— Rasmussen found through the course of his research, not the story of what happened. In reality, the revolt was carefully organized and it threatened to destabilize the institution of slavery in Louisiana.

To uncover the real story, Rasmussen pored through court records and plantation ledgers. “I realized that the revolt had been much larger—and come much closer to succeeding—than the planters and American officials let on,” he tells Littice Bacon-Blood of the Times-Picayune. “Contrary to their letters, which are the basis for most accounts of the revolt, the slave army posed an existential threat to white control over the city of New Orleans.”. . . .

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Rochester New York

This series is titled — Necessary Invisibles. One installation is placed on the building of Morse Lumber, a business in that area since 1857. Located on the westside of Main Street, they are an informal marker for the Black and Brown side of the city. the placement of this work alludes to the Black free labor that built this nation. The other installation is placed on the eastside of Main Street, a predominantly White area. Placed on the grounds of an Episcopal Church in Rochester established in 1855, This work addresses the historical abuse of our women. Nonetheless, our value is ours to claim, it is not the responsibility of others.






Colonizing citizenship

by Françoise Vergès

ʻWe are not the victims but the children of a crime against humanity.ʼ [1] Commemorations are important events in France. If, on the one hand, they offer the government the opportunity to reinforce a ʻcertain idea of Franceʼ, on the other hand they give historians, researchers and activists the possibility to revise and counter the official discourse. Many thought, therefore, that the one hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the abolition of slavery in the French colonies in 1998 would receive the kind of attention France likes to bestow on such events. Many among us hoped that it would provoke a major reassessment of the place of the trade slave and of slavery in the constitution of French identity. There was indeed attention. Speeches were made; exhibitions organized; streets were renamed; prizes and rewards were given to Creole writers; teachers were asked to teach on slavery and its abolition; the small village of Champagney became the centre of the commemoration – its inhabitants, simple peasants, had demanded the end of slavery during the French Revolution. Yet, there was a sense that the official commemoration was producing a narrative that masked rather than confronted. . . .

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Third Ward Houston Texas

Our families are marginalized by policies that shift resources away from communities of color. Nonetheless our growth will not come by policy but by our willingness to develop independence systems of sustainability. In this act of service, we fostered opportunities for urban families to learn about hydroponic growing programs within their neighborhoods.




Boston Massachusetts

The American penal system has acted as a covert replacement for chattel slavery. Both my community and family has borne the weight of systematic targeted oppression. In this act of service, we provided resources and encouragement to returning citizens and their families.




South Carolina Community Park

The Black body has been under attack. The frequency of those attacks has received more attention. Nonetheless, the specific plight of Black women and girls goes largely unacknowledged. We should protect our woman and children, but simultaneously honor their strength and resourcefulness. In this act of service, we taught a group of young girls a variety of self-defense techniques.




Columbia, South Carolina

The dilemma of inclusion for communities of color starts at a very early age. Youth hierarchy and specifically a child’s esteem hinges partially on their ability to participate in activities with their peers. In this act of service, we gifted young Black girls bicycles and riding lessons for those who needed.




Baltimore Maryland

Building a community requires reinforcing all its parts. It is especially important to lend resources to those without supportive guardians or peers. Black mothers are an important component of our families. In this act of service, we provided a multitude of bulk resources to young mothers and young girls in challenging environments.




Flint Michigan

There is an explicit attack on bodies of color, but neglect is an equally damaging tactic of disenfranchisement. The stealth of the food and water crisis in our communities has wrought a heavy price on our learning and health. In response to the water crisis, we delivered pallets of water to the residents and facilitated supplies for further delivery of much needed provisions.




Bronx New York

The power of language cannot be overstated. In the absence of our original tongues, linguistics has covertly operated as a device of abuse. Nearly half of the Africans forcibly brought to the United States came from Senegambia – a part of present day Senegal. Wolof is a language spoken in Senegal and surrounding areas. This work was installed on the street where a lone Negro gunman victoriously battled several police officers. It uses a tongue indigenous to West Africa to translate a colloquialism used in our community.



Further Reading Below




What part of Africa did most slaves come from?

by Sarah Pruitt

Though exact totals will never be known, the transatlantic slave trade is believed to have forcibly displaced some 12.5 million Africans between the 17th and 19th centuries; some 10.6 million survived the infamous Middle Passage across the Atlantic. Though descendants of these enslaved Africans now make up considerable segments of the population in the United States, Brazil and many Caribbean islands . . . .

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Hunts Point South Bronx

Our communities have stories of heroism and rebellion. We should embrace those stories and pursue courage unapologetically. This piece was affixed on the South Bronx apartment where approximately nine police officers forcibly entered a residence to apprehend a suspect; a gun battle ensued. The negro gunman shot and wounded nearly all the police officers while escaping unharmed. He was later acquitted after being charged with the attempted murder of those police officers.



Further Reading Below




Letter to My Son

by Ta-Nehisi Coates

Here is what I would like for you to know: In America, it is traditional to destroy the black body—it is heritage — And have brought humanity to the edge of oblivion: because they think they are white. — James Baldwin Son, Last Sunday the host of a popular news show asked me what it meant to lose my body. The host was broadcasting from Washington, D.C., and I was seated in a remote studio on the Far West Side of Manhattan. A satellite closed the miles between us, but no machinery could close the gap between her world and the world for which I had been summoned. . . . .

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Liberty City Miami Florida

A Black military veteran of Miami was chased and brutally beaten by four white police officers. The aftermath of those events and acquittal of those officers resulted in the 1980 Miami race riots. Starting at the Downtown Miami Metro Justice Building, the riots concentrated in Liberty City, Black Grove, Overtown and Brownsville. With the police cornered and overwhelmed by sniper fire and rampant reprisals, the governor sent in nearly 4000 National Guard troops to quell the uprising.





Marcy Houses Brooklyn

The notion of freedom is these communities is hindered by a multitude of factors, many unconscious, fueled by covert and caustic messaging. This series presents itself as a contrasting narrative, roused by the high speech of the Douglass broadside originally written as a “call to arms” for a people teetering on the edges of freedom. Today communities of color are instead covertly shackled to an existence that offers few options. Too often, productive dialogues about the most disenfranchised segments of the community take place in safe spaces far and away from the very peoples being discussed. And yet, the folklores of these communities are used to fuel profits and further dismantle African identities.



Further Reading Below




What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?

Transcript of speech by Frederick Douglass

He who could address this audience without a quailing sensation, has stronger nerves than I have. I do not remember ever to have appeared as a speaker before any assembly more shrinkingly, nor with greater distrust of my ability, than I do this day. A feeling has crept over me, quite unfavorable to the exercise of my limited powers of speech. The task before me is one which requires much previous thought and study . . . .

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Saint Ann Parish, Jamaica

The Jamaican Maroons are a group of former captives in the seventeenth century who were able to establish free communities in the mountainous interior and eastern parishes of Jamaica. They were a part of two wars for their freedom. The Windward Maroons and the Cockpit Country participated in the First Maroon War. This was resolved by government treaties from which the european aristocrats soon backtracked. The Second Maroon War involved the Leeward Maroons who eventually found their way to Freetown in present-day Sierra Leone. This installation was inspired by those stories and the brewing conflict for authority over Colored bodies globally.





Detroit Michigan

In repurposing these land movers as musing of a coming cerebral mutiny, I am interested in the conversation sparked within the laborers who participate. It is important to understand how your labor in key to this displacement. Seemingly necessary for survival, the blue-collar colored feels the conflict no matter how deeply layered. He or she, in exchange for paper dreams, is part of an equation of disenfranchisement. Though the necessity feels unavoidable, there are lessons that can adjust this equation.





Penn Station Manhattan

Construction vehicles are a symbol of upheaval. In marginalized communities these large movers of land and debris are often a precursor to gentrification. Residents are conflicted. Intuitively they understand that those vehicles represent something new and the building of an alternative future. They also understand that that future is not meant to include them.



Further Reading Below




Responding to the Emancipation Proclamation

Transcript of speech by Frederick Douglass

I congratulate you, upon what may be called the greatest event of our nation’s history, if not the greatest event of the century. In the eye of the Constitution, the supreme law of the land, there is not now, and there has not been, since the 1 st day of January, a single slave lawfully deprived of Liberty in any of the States now recognized as in Rebellion against the National Government. In all these States Slavery is now in law, as in fact, a system of lawless violence, against which the slave may lawfully defend . . . .

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Near Chelsea-Elliot Houses

In the midst of the most sought-after blocks in Manhattan stands the Fulton Houses and the Chelsea-Elliot housing projects. They exist in contrast to the gangs of wealth who barely notice or acknowledge their presence. As a stark example of gentrification, I felt that this setting would be a suitable inaugural location for this series of work.





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